IBM today announced to local clients the results and implications of a recent study of more than 1,700 chief marketing officers (CMOs) from 64 countries and 19 industries. Around 70 chief marketers from the ASEAN region participated, of which 10% came from the
. The study revealed that the majority of the world’s top marketing executives recognize a critical and permanent shift occurring in the way they engage with their customers, but question whether their marketing organizations are prepared to manage the change. Philippines
At the same time, the research shows that the measures used to evaluate marketing are changing. While 59 percent of ASEAN CMOs (Global: 63 percent) think return on marketing investment (ROI) will be the primary measure of the marketing function’s effectiveness by 2015, even among the most successful enterprises, they feel insufficiently prepared to provide hard numbers.
And most of these executives – responsible for the integrated marketing of their organization’s products, services and brand reputations – say they lack significant influence in key areas such as product development, pricing and selection of sales channels.
“IBM has embarked on this study to understand how the marketing profession is responding to the dynamic forces changing business today. Interestingly, the perspectives shared are in line with those across the executive suite. IBM has conducted similar interviews with CEOs, CFOs, CIOs and CHROs over the past eight years and more importantly, over the last 100 years globally and 75 years in the Philippines, IBM has observed, responded to and transformed businesses in line with or ahead of global business and markets evolution,” said Mariels Almeda Winhoffer, Country General Manager, IBM Philippines.
“From a company that sells, clocks, weighing scales, PCs, etc – IBM has transformed to become the premier Globally Integrated Company, harnessing the potential of its global presence and putting work where it can be done best based on the right talent, skills, economics and overall business environment. As a result, IBM is now a higher-performing, more resilient business today than it was several years ago.”
Digital Revolution is Transforming the Marketplace
“Globalization has brought the world to everyone’s backyard. Today, everyone is a broadcaster, publisher and a critic – there is nowhere to hide, and transparency is the new price of entry. What all these translate to is that there are more data from more sources, but less clarity,” said Charles Njendu, Senior Engagement Manager, Global Business Services, IBM ASEAN.
Customers are sharing their experiences widely online, giving them more control and influence over brands. This shift in the balance of power from organizations to their customers requires new marketing approaches, tools and skills in order to stay competitive. CMOs are aware of this changing landscape, but are struggling to respond.
“The inflection point created by social media represents a permanent change in the nature of customer relationships. Approximately 90 percent of all the real-time information being created today is unstructured data. CMOs who successfully harness this new source of insight will be in a strong position to increase revenues, reinvent their customer relationships and build new brand value,” added Njendu.
Unprepared for Complexity
The IBM study found that while 76 percent of ASEAN CMOs (Global: 79 percent) expect a high to very high level of complexity that their organizations will have to master over the next three to five years, compared to today, only 40 percent (Global: 48 percent) feels prepared for the expected complexity. This represents a complexity gap of 36 percent (Global: 31 percent).
Collectively, the study findings point to four key challenges that CMOs everywhere are confronting that will be pervasive, universal game changers for their marketing organizations over the next three to five years.
- Explosion of data (ASEAN: 56 percent, Global: 71 percent)
- Social media (ASEAN: 64 percent, Global: 68 percent)
- Channel and device choices (ASEAN: 48 percent, Global: 65 percent)
- Shifting demographics (ASEAN: 52 percent, Global: 63 percent)
To grapple with the first of the four challenges – data explosion – ASEAN CMOs are more likely to deploy tools and technologies over the next three to five years, including their use of social media (ASEAN: 93 percent, Global: 82 percent), customer analytics (ASEAN: 89 percent, Global: 81 percent), and customer relationship management (ASEAN: 85 percent, Global: 81 percent) tools.
Despite this urgency to change, CMOs cite cost (ASEAN: 63 percent, Global: 72 percent), a lack of ROI certainty (ASEAN: 61 percent, Global: 61 percent), and tool implementation issues (ASEAN: 36 percent, Global: 47 percent) as roadblocks that are preventing them from already adopting new tools and technologies available.
In order to deal with the broad level under preparedness, CMOs signal three key domains of improvements – deliver value to empowered customers, foster lasting connections, and capture value and measure results.
Delivering Value to Empowered Customers
One reason why most organizations struggle to get the customer insights they need is that they still focus on understanding markets rather than individuals. Although CMOs identify customer intimacy as a top priority, and recognize the impact of real-time data supplementing traditional methods of channel marketing and gathering market feedback, most say they remain mired in 20th century approaches.
The majority of the CMOs surveyed are still focusing primarily on traditional sources of information such as market research (ASEAN: 84 percent, Global: 82 percent), competitive benchmarking (ASEAN: 83 percent, Global: 80 percent), and sales campaign analysis (ASEAN: 61 percent, Global: 68 percent) to make strategic decisions.
Traditional sources of information are important, of course. However, most of them have one big drawback – they can only show customers in aggregate, offering little insight into what individual customers need or desire.
Relatively few CMOs are exploiting the full power of the digital grapevine. Although nearly three-quarters of CMOs (ASEAN: 70 percent, Global: 74 percent) use customer analytics to mine data, only 29 percent of ASEAN CMOs (Global: 26 percent) are currently tracking blogs, 41 percent (Global: 42 percent) are tracking third-party reviews and 46 percent (Global: 48 percent) are tracking consumer reviews to help shape their marketing strategies. This is largely because the tools, processes and metrics they use are not designed to capture and evaluate the unstructured data produced by social platforms.
Njendu likened marketers who underestimate the impact of social media to those who were slow to view the Internet as a new and powerful platform for commerce. Like the rise of e-business more than a decade ago, the radical embrace of social media by all customer demographic categories represents an opportunity for marketers to drive increased revenue, brand value and to reinvent the nature of the relationship between enterprises and the buyers of their offerings. Marketers who establish a culture receptive to deriving insight from social media will be far better prepared to anticipate future shifts in markets and technology.
Fostering Lasting Connections
Proactive CMOs forge customer relationships that continue after the sale; and they fortify this bond by creating a corporate character that manifests itself in everything their employees do and say.
More so than their global peers (Global: 67 percent), 83 percent of ASEAN CMOs see enhancing customer loyalty and advocacy as the top priority for investing in digital technologies.
Despite this stated priority, most CMOs are, in fact, still focusing on the transaction, and less on the data required to build lasting relationships with the customer. 70 percent of ASEAN CMOs (Global: 61 percent) are using data primarily to segment and sell; not to generate awareness, stimulate interest, and build loyalty and advocacy.
Capturing Value, Measuring Results
Most CMOs have not traditionally been expected to provide hard financial evidence of their ROI. But given the current economic volatility and pressure to be profitable, organizations can no longer afford to write a blank check for their marketing initiatives. CMOs recognize they now need to quantify the value they bring to the business, be it from investing in advertising, new technologies or any other activity.
In fact, 59 percent of ASEAN CMOs (Global: 63 percent) believe ROI on marketing spend will be the most important measure of their success by 2015. While not all of them (ASEAN: 54 percent) feel fully prepared to be held accountable for marketing ROI, ASEAN CMOs (54 percent) appear to fare better than their global peers (44 percent). Other important measures to gauge marketing success are the positivity of customer experience (ASEAN: 56 percent, Global: 58 percent), the ability to convert and attract new customers (ASEAN: 54 percent, Global: 48 percent), and overall sales (ASEAN: 51 percent, Global: 45 percent).
If CMOs are to be held responsible for the marketing returns they deliver, they must also have significant influence over all “Four Ps”: promotion, products, place and price. The study found that this is often not the case.
CMOs say they exert a strong influence over promotional activities such as advertising (ASEAN: 85 percent, Global: 84 percent), external communications (ASEAN: 87 percent, Global: 82 percent) and social media initiatives (ASEAN: 70 percent, Global: 73 percent). But, in general, they play a smaller role in shaping the other three Ps – having less impact on new product development, and even lesser sway over key parts of the pricing process or channel selection.
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About the Global CMO Study
The 2011 IBM Global Chief Marketing Officer Study is IBM’s first study of CMOs — and the fifteenth in the ongoing series of C-suite Studies developed by the IBM Institute for Business Value. Between February and June 2011, IBM met face to face with 1,734 CMOs in 19 industries and 64 countries to better understand their goals and the challenges they confront. The respondents came from a wide variety of organizations, ranging from 48 of the top 100 brands listed in the 2010 Interbrand rankings to enterprises with a primarily local profile.
To access the full 2011 IBM Global CMO Study, visit http://ibm.com/cmostudy.